Project RACE UPDATE

What is the government up to now?

Last week I sat through three hours of the 2020 Census Quarterly Program Management Review just to see how things are progressing for the multiracial community. It was pretty dull, with presentations about everything from address canvassing to systems readiness to partnerships and so much more.

I picked up on some hesitation which usually doesn’t come with the usual “everything is great here at the bureau” mantra. They said they have “paused” some activities and are delaying a few things. It seems like they just don’t know what is going to come from the new administration yet and they are just a bit nervous. They should be. Who knows what will happen before Census 2020?

Anyway, there was a lot of talk about Census Day on April 1, 2017, when 80,000 housing units will be tested. They glossed over the race and ethnicity question very quickly and mentioned they will continue using the existing wording unless something changes from testing done in 2016 and comments to OMB. Of course they will.

We are one of the communities that should be included in partnership engagement so that the multiracial participation in the census can be increased and accurate. But are we? Hell no. In fact, the census bureau contracted with Young and Rubicam (Y&R) to the tune of $415 MILLON to help get a complete count of households. Y&R subcontracts with corporations that represent every racial and ethnic group except the multiracial one. They will make sure that every Alaskan Native in the country knows about filling out the census, but multiracial people? Not so much. In fact, not at all. Do they think we don’t know this?!

The big question in my mind is this: Does the multiracial community even care if our numbers are skewed? This is all a numbers game—it always has been—and we should care a lot. The lower our population numbers, the less we matter to the government, businesses, advertising agencies, retailers, the medical system, and on and on. Do we only exist for the annual party, movie, or book signing? Do we really want to go back to the days when the one-drop rule was the law? Does number tabulation and voting redistricting mean anything to us? Should you even have to think about whether interracial marriages are allowed? Will we be deported because we’re not 100% white? Or do we want respect for our identity choices, political clout, appreciation for the diversity our children bring to their schools, and the end of the tragic mulatto stories once and for all? Does it really matter if our history is accurate? Let me know what you think. My email is susangraham@projectrace.com

 

Susan Graham

President

Project RACE, Inc.

What will Trump do?

What will President-Elect Trump do for or against the Multiracial Community?

by Susan Graham

Since November 8th I’ve seen the so called “leaders” in the so called “multiracial community” avoid this question. The majority of them are Democrats, Libertarians, Independents, or something other than Republicans. They are all over the map geographically. They like to call themselves “academics” and give that as a reason to avoid writing real political papers. Now that they have confused what the academics think, they slink back into their tiny university closets and lock the doors.

If you read any of the online community sources like Facebook, Mixed Studies, Swirl. MASC and more, you have a hard time finding anything other than pleas for money, reviews about the “Loving” movie, or pros and cons about President Obama’s personal racial identification. Let me digress for a moments and add my own feelings on this. I would have loved nothing more than for Barack Obama to embrace a multiracial identity, but he just wasn’t feeling it, his reason being what his white mother and black father advised him, how his white grandparents raised him, how politics work best, or any other number of things. Our loss.

We can’t talk about the election without bringing in Hillary Clinton. She never did anything for the multiracial population and trust me, she was asked several times, as was her husband when he was President. So, she didn’t actually cancel out our community, she ignored us, which was worse. The Clintons were so pro-minority that they were clearly in favor of the one-drop rule by default. An office in Harlem and a residential compound in the white area of town. Maybe that makes them think they are some kind of multiracial citizens. And I really do like them!

Speaking of liking people, I believe you can like someone and not have the same political views that they do. Honest. I like a few Republicans because I can pick and choose individuals who I like from groups of people without selecting an entire group.

Let’s look at where things stand for the multiracial community now. Yeah, I’m sharing with the people in the movement who are clueless—you know who you are and so do we. I don’t “report” on what multiracial star is mad at who, stories about families in Zimbabwe, or the history of Thomas Jefferson, so I’ll keep it to policy issues if you know what those are.

 

OMB, which stands for Office of Management and Budget has a director. His name is Shaun Donovan. He’s never returned our calls, letters, or emails. He would much rather we just didn’t exist. Oh, wait a minute! President Elect Trump has nominated a new OMB Director, along with the new regime. His name isRep. Mick Mulvaney (R.-S.C.). Max Stier wrote in The Hill,

 

 

While OMB has a reputation for being “the agency of no” because of its role protecting the president and the administration’s budget and policy priorities, it can do more to clarify where agency leaders have flexibility to test new approaches, identify areas that are off-limits, provide air cover to test new ideas without fear of reprisals and serve as an incubator for change.”

 

 

 

What might this mean? Actually, your guess is as good as mine with this new president. But wouldn’t it be nice if they did some real housecleaning at the OMB and The Census Bureau?! Can you imagine what life would be like without Nicholas Jones in it? Now that would be a nice indication of smaller government.

By the way, Katherine Wallman at OMB retired January 1st, just in time to make decisions on race and ethnicity issues. She’s the same Wallman who pretty much screwed us over when it came to nomenclature and tabulation of “two or more races” in the 1990s. Could things get better? Nah.

They could actually do away with the Census Bureau if it wouldn’t mean all those lost jobs for Washington demographers and statisticians. But on the other hand, does this government have a real need to know where all the Muslims and Jewish citizens and immigrants live? Maybe, just maybe there will still be a working Congress with some possible roadblocks. Perhaps some checks and balances will work just a bit.

Oh, and one more thing. There is a public hearing this week in Chicago hosted by the Commission on Evidence-Based Policymaking, which is involved in decision making for the multiracial population. Good luck trying to get information on it. If you do, please let us know. After all, we can’t know everything.

MASC DID WHAT?!

MASC Did WHAT!

I have a lovely wood recognition plaque in my office given to me in 1995 from the Multiracial Americans of Southern California (MASC). It hangs right under a letter to Project RACE and the Association of Multi-Ethnic Americans also dated 1995 and signed by President Bill Clinton. We were known then as MASC, Project RACE, and AMEA. MASC apparently no longer advocates for the multiracial community, Project RACE does, and AMEA is defunct. A great deal has happened in the past 25 plus years. Not all of it is good.

I will forever defend the work of Project RACE (Reclassify All Children Equally), but most of you know the history of the multiracial movement, so I won’t go back over that now. Suffice it to say that different organizations went different ways, but we all—or at least it seemed—wanted some form of recognition for the term “multiracial.” We were making progress. AMEA fell apart. Hapas moved on. MAVIN couldn’t decide what it wanted to be and the founder disappeared. The academics saw a way to “get published or perish” and began publishing papers and books like crazy with or without actual facts. Podcasts popped up, Loving Day gained momentum, and even comics took their best shots at us. We somehow endured. Project RACE kept doing what we did in 1990 and advocated for a multiracial identifier on racial classifications. We won some; we lost some.

Now it’s 2016 and decisions must be made by 2017 for the 2020 census. It must be done quickly for many reasons, which is why OMB issued a 30 day notice instead of the usual 60+. One more chance to take our best shot.

Then a few weeks ago the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the government people who decide on race and ethnicity in this country published a notice in the Federal Register, that obscure publication that half-heartedly asks for public opinion, suggesting that John Q. Public let them know what they think of the proposed plans. They laid out (as best they could) these areas under consideration:

  1. Whether to continue to have one category for Hispanic origin and one for race, or one combined answer;
  2. Have a distinct new category for respondents of Middle Eastern or North African heritage (MENA);
  3. The description of the intended use of minimum reporting categories; and
  4. Terminology used for race and ethnicity classifications.

Look back at those areas of consideration. Number 1 has been on the table for years and it is already a done deal. Number 2 has been in contention since before the multiracial question even came up, but it’s become a messier MENA category than previously. I’m not sure what number 3 even means completely.

Then…BINGO! Number 4 gives us a chance to bring up terminology again.

Project RACE jumps on the terminology question, gathers our members and supporters, and starts our answers to the open comment period! We gain momentum and wait for other “multiracial groups” to join in. MASC. The MULTIRACIAL Americans of Southern California stuns us. They openly advocated for number 1, the Hispanic race/ethnicity question.

Thomas Lopez is the president of MASC. He strongly favors Hispanics becoming a race instead of an ethnicity on forms. There are many reasons for the combined question to be considered. There are still organized groups fighting for it and the MENA question. Lopez glosses over consideration 4 with this: “In a combined question format this would simply be another version of ‘Two or more races.’” This would have been the perfect place to advocate for multiracial wording—for an acceptable, respectful term for our children. What were Lopez and the board of directors of MASC thinking?! Apparently, they should change their name to:

The Hispanic and Two or More Races Americans of Southern California

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wrong Again

The article below is a perfect example of how reallocation of “two or more” data are mistakenly re-tabulated by the U.S. Census Bureau and others. The ten individuals in the example should be “two or more” races, or preferably, “multiracial,” not five African American and five white. –Susan Graham

Methodology: How We Analyzed the Data on Race in N.H.’s Criminal Justice System

Source: New Hampshire Public Radio

Little research has been done in New Hampshire on race and the state’s 10 county jails, which are run by county government.  No comprehensive data is available regarding these jails’ populations. But in our recent story, Racial Disparities Increase At Each Step Of N.H.’s Justice System, data provided to NHPR by the Valley Street Jail in Hillsborough County allows a glimpse into the details of who is incarcerated here, and why.

Here are the numbers behind our analysis.

CENSUS DATA

This analysis primarily uses the 2014 Census Population Estimates for Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, and the United States.

Two or more races

The 19,074 people who identify as “two or more races” in New Hampshire present a wrinkle, however, as the jail and arrest data does not have a corresponding category. To accommodate this discrepancy, a distribution is created from the more detailed 2010 decennial Census, and then applied to the 2014 estimated total for individuals identifying with “two or more” races.  The counts are distributed evenly among mixed races. For example, if 10 individuals identify as both African American and white in 2010, the “white” category receives 5, and the “African American” category receives 5. If, hypothetically, there were 100 people counted in the “two or more” category in 2010, and 110 in 2014, these would be counted as 5.5 additional whites and 5.5 additional African Americans for the final totals.

Where Did All the Multiracial People Go?

WHERE DID ALL THE MULTIRACIAL PEOPLE GO?!

 

Every five years or so, the Census Bureau gathers statistics on businesses owned by people in the United States. On December 15th, they sent out “Statistics for All U.S. Firms by Industry, Gender, Ethnicity, and Race for the U.S., States, Metro Areas, Counties, and Places: 2012 Survey of Business Owners.”

Just in time for your first of the year reading, our friends at the bureau circulated their latest and greatest data dump to date. Let’s take a look at the categories they included in their survey. Apparently, they used data from Los Angeles County, and then flipped back and forth, massaging their “microcosm” between LA and the nation. This is about business owners and ferreted out their “microcosm” that included the following:

Black or African American

Asian

Hispanic

American Indian or Alaskan Native

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

The report is made to be statistically confusing and they certainly attained that. Oh, and they left out multiracial business owners completely. One would think that out of 631,218 minority-owned businesses in Los Angeles, at least a few would have multiracial owners. Could this just be another in a growing series of Census Bureau reports that completely miss the multiracial community? We’ll be watching.

Fun Fact

U.S. Census FACT

 

John H. Thompson is the Director of the Census Bureau. He’s the big shot. He has been sending out updates about planning for the 2020 Census. He recently gave this update about their goals:

  1. Increase reporting in the race and ethnic categories as defined by the U. S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
  2. Increase the accuracy and reliability of the results, and
  3. Elicit detailed responses for all racial and ethnic communities (e.g., Chinese, Mexican, Jamaican, Lebanese, etc.).

He also said this:

“We’re also engaging in an ongoing discussion about race and ethnicity among statistical agencies and various population stakeholder groups.”

Oh geez, did the multiracial community—a population stakeholder—miss a meeting? Nah, we were never invited. By the way, Director Thompson also had a lovely meeting in sunny Mexico recently with Hispanic stakeholders. From the pictures, he looked like he was having a great time!

The multiracial community must understand the games played between OMB and the Census Bureau. The Census Bureau does what they feel is the appropriate “testing.” They give the results to OMB with their suggestions. OMB then adopts the suggestions of the Census Bureau. Then one points to the other if a population group is not happy. Welcome to the bureaucracy in Washington.

Another Census Committee?!

A few days ago, I received a notification from the Census Bureau that they were accepting applications for ACS Data Produces Redesign Group. ACS stands for American Community Survey, which is a big deal at the Census Bureau. It’s their bread and butter, and takes place continually, unlike like the census, which they do every ten years.

Later, as if it were a sign, I was reading The New Yorker and there was a cartoon of six people sitting around a conference table. The caption read: “I know we didn’t accomplish anything, but that’s what meetings are for.” It’s a perfect message about a meeting at the Census Bureau. The announcement is below. The highlights are mine.

  _______________

          Accepting Applications for ACS Data Products Redesign Group

          DEADLINE IS THURSDAY, OCT. 29, 2015

In partnership with the U.S. Census Bureau, the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) is soliciting applications for membership in a
new American Community Survey (ACS) Data Products Redesign Group (DPRG). The purpose of establishing this group is to provide the Census Bureau with an efficient and effective means to collect feedback from a broad range of ACS data users on new ACS data products and dissemination channels. This ongoing exchange will help the Census Bureau develop innovative data products and dissemination tools that best meet ACS data users’ needs. The DPRG will have approximately 20 members and will be informal and non-advisory. As such, the DPRG will not be providing the Census Bureau with consensus recommendations resulting from group deliberation or discussion.
______________

So, I’m trying to get this straight. This new group is to provide feedback about the ACS. No! Wait! They will not be providing feedback. They will just be meeting. It’s curious, as is the message I get from my browser whenever I try to open any email from the Census Bureau: “Thunderbird thinks this message is a scam.” Most of the time they’re absolutely right.

Susan Graham

Project RACE

The Census Bureau Did It

Statement from Susan Graham

Census Bureau National Advisory Committee (NAC) Meeting

October 2015

Members of my organization, Project RACE have asked OMB and the Census Bureau for 25 years to use the term “Multiracial” instead of Two or More Races,” or the current favorite “Combination People.” This has been done primarily by this committee. We have not been successful.

For example, my children have a white heritage, a black heritage, and a multiracial heritage. They are whole people, not halves, quarters, etc. When they get the inevitable question, “What are you?” They don’t answer, “I check two or more races on my Census form” or, “I’m a combination person.” What they do say is “I’m biracial” or “I’m multiracial.” But the Census Bureau and OMB can’t seem to hear to what our community is saying.

We are not even asking for a stand-alone multiracial category on forms. We are asking that MULTIRACIAL be used for tabulation. Instead of aggregating as combination numbers, use MULTIRACIAL NUMBERS.

Pew Research released a report this year called Multiracial in America because they do understand the needs of our population.

We work very successfully with schools and companies to bring the word MULTIRACIAL into their territory, particularly with diversity and inclusion reports and forms. We have most recently worked with organizations like Apple, Estee Lauder Company, and Microsoft.

School districts around the country are calling us to help them with appropriate nomenclature for their students and staffs. From medical entities, to technology giants, to retail international companies and state agencies, they are not waiting for you.

It’s 2015. How long is the federal government going to ignore the multiracial community? My hope is that it won’t take another 25 years.

Thumbs Up and Thumbs Down Report

Monthly Update: Making a Difference
Thumbs Up and Thumbs Down Report
September 2015
YES
MAYBE
NO
Comments
Apple Computers
Making a Difference thumbs up
Changed diversity forms
Estee Lauder
Making a Difference thumbs up
Changed all company forms
Microsoft
Making a Difference thumbs up
Multi-racial on company forms
Hillsborough, FL Schools
Making a Difference thumbs up
Forms will accommodate multiracial students
North Carolina DMV
Making a Difference quetion mark
In talks
AFLAC
Making a Difference quetion mark
In talks

Los Banos, CA

Making a Difference thumbs up
Added MULTIRACIAL to student and staff forms. The mayor has agreed to a proclamation for MHW 2016
Slack
Making a Difference thumbs up
Added Multiracial to diversity reports
Intel
Making a Difference quetion mark
Letter sent
GM
Making a Difference quetion mark
Letter sent
The College Board (SAT)
Making a Difference thumbs down
Refuses
Census Bureau
Making a Difference thumbs down
Refuses to add “Multiracial”
OMB
Making a Difference thumbs down
Refuses to add “Multiracial on advice from the Census Bureau (NAC)
See what’s happening on our social sites:

CENSUS BUREAU REPORTS

Below is a report put out by the U.S. Census Bureau. This one happens

to be about the Hispanic population. They do it for other races and

ethnicities. The subject line of the email is: PROFILE AMERICA

FACTS FOR FEATURES: Hispanic Heritage Month 2015.

Yes, all upper case and very bold. The Bureau never does that.

They really want us to pay attention to this! Wouldn’t it be GREAT

if the Census Bureau did the same thing for the MULTIRACIAL

population for MULTIRACIAL HERITAGE WEEK  in June?  Hmmm.

They won’t even call us MULTIRACIAL!-Susan Graham

 

Hispanic Heritage Month 2015
PROFILE AMERICA FACTS FOR FEATURES: CB15-FF.18

SEPT. 18, 2015 — In September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National Hispanic Heritage Week, observed during the week that included Sept. 15 and Sept. 16. Congress expanded the observance in 1989 to a monthlong celebration (Sept. 15 – Oct. 15) of the culture and traditions of those who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and the Caribbean.

Sept. 15 is the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively.

Population

55 million

The Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2014, making people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority. Hispanics constituted 17 percent of the nation’s total population. Source: 2014 Population Estimates <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2014/PEPASR6H?slice=hisp~hisp!year~est72014>

1.15 million

Number of Hispanics added to the nation’s population between July 1, 2013, and July 1, 2014. This number is close to half of the approximately 2.36 million people added to the nation’s population during this period. Source: 2014 Population Estimates, National Characteristics: Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic origin <http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2014/index.html>, See first bullet under “Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin”

2.1%

Percentage increase in the Hispanic population between 2013 and 2014. Source: 2014 Population Estimates, National Characteristics: Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic origin <http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2014/index.html>, See first bullet under “Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin”

119 million

The projected Hispanic population of the United States in 2060. According to this projection, the Hispanic population will constitute 28.6 percent of the nation’s population by that date. Source: Population Projections <http://www.census.gov/population/projections/data/national/2014/summarytables.html>, Table 10

64%

The percentage of those of Hispanic origin in the United States who were of Mexican background in 2013. Another 9.5 percent were of Puerto Rican background, 3.7 percent Cuban, 3.7 percent Salvadoran, 3.3 percent Dominican and 2.4 percent Guatemalan. The remainder was of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic or Latino origin. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 American Community Survey, Table B03001 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_1YR/B03001>

States and Counties

10.4 million

The estimated population for those of Hispanic origin in Texas as of July 1, 2014. Source: 2014 Population Estimates, State Characteristics: Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2014/PEPASR6H?slice=GEO~0400000US12!hisp~hisp!year~est72014>

8

The number of states with a population of 1 million or more Hispanic residents in 2014 — Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Texas. Source: 2014 Population Estimates, State Characteristics: Population by Race and Hispanic Origin <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2014/PEPASR6H?slice=GEO~0100000US!hisp~hisp!year~est72014>

55%

The percentage of all the Hispanic population that lived in California, Florida and Texas as of July 1, 2014. Source: 2014 Population Estimates, State Characteristics: Population by Race and Hispanic Origin<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2014/PEPASR6H?slice=GEO~0100000US!hisp~hisp!year~est72014>

15 million

The Hispanic population of California. This is the largest Hispanic population of any state. Source: 2014 Population Estimates <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2014/PEPASR6H?slice=GEO~0400000US06!hisp~hisp!year~est72014>

4.9 million

Los Angeles County had the largest Hispanic population of any county in 2014. Source: 2014 Population Estimates <http://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2015/cb15-113.html>

45,000

Harris County in Texas had the largest numeric increase of Hispanics from 2013 to 2014. Source: 2014 Population Estimates <http://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-118.html>

Families and Children

12.2 million

The number of Hispanic family households in the United States in 2014. Source: Families and Living Arrangements: Table F1, by Race and Hispanic Origin <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/files/cps2014/tabF1-hisp.xls> <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2014F.html>

61.6%

The percentage of Hispanic family households that were married-couple households in 2014. For the total population in the U.S., it was 73.3 percent. Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table F1 <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/files/cps2014/tabF1-hisp.xls> <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2014F.html>

56.7%

The percentage of Hispanic married-couple households that had children younger than 18 present in 2014, whereas for the nation it was 40.1 percent. Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table F1 <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/files/cps2014/tabF1-hisp.xls> <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2014F.html>

64.9%

Percentage of Hispanic children living with two parents in 2014, whereas nationwide it was 68.7 percent. Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table C9 <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/files/cps2014/tabC9-hispanic.xls> <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2014C.html>

46.0%

Percentage of Hispanic married couples with children under 18 where both spouses were employed in 2014, whereas nationwide it was 59.7 percent. Source: Families and Living Arrangements: Table FG-1 <http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2014FG.html>

Spanish Language

38.4 million

The number of U.S. residents 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2013. This is a 120 percent increase since 1990 when it was 17.3 million. Those who hablan español en casa constituted 13.0 percent of U.S. residents 5 and older. More than half (58 percent) of these Spanish speakers spoke English “very well.” Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 American Community Survey, Table DP02 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_1YR/DP02> and Language Use in the United States: 2012 <http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acs-22.pdf

73.3%

Percentage of Hispanics 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2013. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 American Community Survey, Table B16006 <http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_13_1YR_B16006&prodType=table>

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

$40,963

The median income of Hispanic households in 2013. Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2013, Table A <http://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-169.html>

23.5%

The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2013. Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2013, Table B <http://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-169.html>

24.3%

The percentage of Hispanics who lacked health insurance in 2013. Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2013 <http://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-169.html>

Education

64.7%

The percentage of Hispanics 25 and older that had at least a high school education in 2013. Source: American Community Survey: 2013 Selected Population Profile in the United States, Hispanic or Latino, Table S0201 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_1YR/S0201//popgroup~400>

14.0%

The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2013. Source: American Community Survey: 2013 Selected Population Profile in the United States, Hispanic or Latino, Table S0201 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_1YR/S0201//popgroup~400>

4.2 million

The number of Hispanics 25 and older who had at least a bachelor’s degree in 2013. Source: American Community Survey: 2013, Table B15002I <http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_13_1YR_B15002I&prodType=table>

1.3 million

Number of Hispanics 25 and older with advanced degrees in 2013 (e.g., master’s, professional, doctorate). Source: American Community Survey: 2013, Table B15002I <http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_13_1YR_B15002I&prodType=table>

16.5%

Percentage of students (both undergraduate and graduate) enrolled in college in 2013 who were Hispanic. Source: School Enrollment Data Current Population Survey: October 2013, Table1 <http://www.census.gov/hhes/school/data/cps/2013/tables.html>

23.5%

Percentage of elementary and high school students that were Hispanic in 2013. Source: School Enrollment Data Current Population Survey: October 2013, Table 1 <http://www.census.gov/hhes/school/data/cps/2013/tables.html>

Foreign-Born

35.2%

Percentage of the Hispanic population that was foreign-born in 2013. Source: American Community Survey: 2013 Selected Population Profile in the United States, Hispanic or Latino, Table S0201 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_1YR/S0201//popgroup~400>

64.3%

Percentage of the 10.3 million noncitizens under the age of 35 who were born in Latin America and the Caribbean and are living in the United States in 2010-2012. Source: American Community Survey Brief – Noncitizens Under Age 35: 2010-2012 <http://www.census.gov/prod/2014pubs/acsbr12-06.pdf>

Jobs

67.0%

Percentage of Hispanics or Latinos 16 and older who were in the civilian labor force in 2013. Source: American Community Survey: 2013 Selected Population Profile in the United States, Hispanic or Latino, Table S0201 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_1YR/S0201//popgroup~400>

19.6%

The percentage of civilian employed Hispanics or Latinos 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2013. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 American Community Survey, Table C24010I <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_1YR/C24010I>

Voting

8.4%

The percentage of voters in the 2012 presidential election who were Hispanic. Hispanics comprised 4.7 percent of voters in 1996. Source: The Diversifying Electorate − Voting Rates by Race and Hispanic Origin in 2012 (and Other Recent Elections), Table 3 <https://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p20-568.pdf>

7.3%

The percentage of voters in the 2014 congressional election who were Hispanic. Source: Who Votes? Congressional Elections and the American Electorate: 1978-2014: Figure 5 <https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2015/demo/p20-577.pdf>

Serving our Country

1.2 million

The number of Hispanics or Latinos 18 and older who are veterans of the U.S. armed forces. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 American Community Survey, Table B21001I <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_1YR/B21001I>

The following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau’s Facts for Features series:

African-American History Month (February)

Super Bowl

Valentine’s Day (Feb. 14)

Women’s History Month (March)

Irish-American Heritage Month (March)/

St. Patrick’s Day (March 17)

Earth Day (April 22)

Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)

Older Americans Month (May)

Mother’s Day

Hurricane Season Begins (June 1)

Father’s Day

The Fourth of July (July 4)

Anniversary of Americans With Disabilities Act (July 26)

Back to School (August)

Labor Day

Grandparents Day

Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15 – Oct. 15)

Unmarried and Single Americans Week

Halloween (Oct. 31)

American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month (November)

Veterans Day (Nov. 11)

Thanksgiving Day

The Holiday Season (December)

Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office.