African American Caucasian
Rashida Jones was born February 25, 1976 to father Quincy Jones, an African American musician and Peggy Lipton, a white actress. Jones is one of those people who has it all. A natural beauty, she has twice been named People’s Magazine’s 50 most Beautiful People in the World. A talented and hard worker, she has gained much success in acting and comedy and has starred in shows such as “Parks and Recreation,” “Saturday Night Live,” “The Office,” to name a few.
As beautiful, funny and talented as she is, Rashida Jones has much more going on. In high school she worked hard and was inducted to the National Honor Society and voted “Most Likely to Succeed.” Jones also showed a brave and serious side when at the age of only 16 she wrote a public letter confronting rapper Tupac Shakur, who had criticized her father for marrying a white woman.
Jones went on to Harvard where she got a degree in religion and philosophy, but she also got involved in music and acting. She served as musical director for an a cappella group and acted in several school plays.
Yes, sometimes there is someone who seems to have it all – beauty, brains, courage, talent and wit – and Rashida Jones is one of them.
Rashida Jones is one of those people that everyone should look up. Throughout her entire life she has illustrated what a one of a kind person she is. Nothing and no one could get in the way of Rashida and her dreams.
PR Teen President
California prisons to end racial lockdown policy
(Reuters) – The California prison system has agreed to settle a long-running civil rights lawsuit by ending race-based lockdowns of inmates, court records show.
The 21-page stipulated settlement, which has not been filed in court but was published online by the Los Angeles Times on Wednesday, provides for lockdowns in the prison system of the country’s most populous state to now cover all inmates in a certain area or specific inmates deemed to pose a threat.
For lockdowns exceeding 14 days, the settlement also requires wardens to make plans for inmates to participate in outdoor activities.
“The prisons will still be able to maintain security, while prisoners will no longer be targeted for lengthy lockdowns just because of their race or ethnicity,” said Rebekah Evenson, an attorney for the prisoners.
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation spokesman Jeffrey Callison said in an email the department was pleased with the settlement and it started making the policy changes in May. The department did not concede to any violation of federal law in the settlement.
The case was filed in 2008 by High Desert State Prison inmate Robert Mitchell, who said it was the department’s policy that “when there is an incident involving any race, all inmates of that race are locked up,” court records show.
Mitchell said the policy violated prisoners’ constitutional rights, while prison system officials argued that it helped ensure safety after racially-fueled outbursts.
The case was certified as a class action in July to cover the state’s roughly 125,000 male inmates, court records show.
The proposed settlement will be sent to the class and discussed at a fairness hearing, and will require final approval by a federal judge, according to the document.
Dealing with the Federal Government
Have you ever tried to deal with the federal government? There are no good ways for us (the public) to have input into whatever it is that they (the federal government) wants to do. They think the way for us to speak our minds is through something you’ve probably have never heard of called the “Federal Register.”
The Federal Register is a publication put out by OUR government to elicit input from the public. It is not easily found, nor is it easily decipherable. It’s a feel good mechanism for federal agencies. They do offer a 109 page booklet called “Federal Register Document Drafting Handbook.” They also offer a very long tutorial. I could not find the answers to any questions I had in their booklet, in the tutorial, or on their website.
Make no mistake; the Federal Register exists only to allow the federal agencies to feel that they gave the public a chance to reply. They don’t really want or need our input.
I read the Federal Register every day. It’s boring and complex. I read it because occasionally a notice appears that may have implications for the multiracial community. The government knows we are here and watching, yet they do not notify us when something is going on that may affect us. I bet I’m the only person in the multiracial community who reads it every day and answers when it matters.
There is no real accountability in the federal government. The notices are packed with government jargon and intentionally make it difficult to get to the real issues. I came across a Federal Register notice several weeks ago that could have implications for Census Bureau testing, which does involve us. I had a question about it and emailed the person specifically designated in the notice “for further information.” The email came back to me as “undeliverable.” I called her. I have yet to receive a return call. Welcome to the public trying to deal with the federal government through their Federal Register.
I’ve spent several days trying to get more information so that I could make a public comment on behalf of the multiracial community. I have made no progress. I did email the Fed Reg (they like to be called that) people and I think their convoluted answer said they had no answers. They did add, “Our goal is to make it easy for you to communicate with the government.”
So the Fed Reg people sit on their well-paid duffs and say they are soliciting comments from the public. When you figure out how to do that, let me know.
PALO ALTO – Race can undoubtedly be a tricky subject, with any suggestion of genetic differences among racial groups – beyond superficial characteristics like skin color – potentially invoking memories of the nineteenth-century eugenics movement and its eventual role in Nazi ideology. Now, with drug companies increasingly seeking to develop medications that target particular racial groups, the long-taboo subject of racial genetics has reemerged.
Much of the current debate centers on whether race should be a criterion for inclusion in clinical trials – and, by extension, whether drug labeling should mention race specifically. Although the issues are complicated, the solution is simple: follow the data.
In fact, clinical trials are not intended to demonstrate the effectiveness of a treatment (drug, medical device, or other intervention) in a completely random sample from the general population. Rather, researchers “enrich” the study population by using a characteristic, such as age or laboratory-test results, to select a subset of patients in whom the intervention’s effects will likely be easier to detect than they would be in an unfiltered population. In recent years, “biomarkers,” such as certain DNA sequences or the presence of a particular drug receptor, have become increasingly important indicators for determining eligibility for clinical trials.
This approach is not new. For example, scientists have known for decades that certain drugs can cause severe and precipitous anemia in people with a genetic deficiency of the enzyme G6PD. More recently, researchers have learned that certain cancer drugs are ineffective in fighting tumors containing the mutated variant of the gene KRAS.
Such discoveries have enhanced researchers’ ability to enrich study populations with patients who are likely to benefit from the drug, while sparing from any possible side effects of exposure those patients who are unlikely to benefit. Enrichment thus enables researchers to strengthen clinical trials’ “statistical power,” that is, the probability of detecting differences, if any exist, between study groups.
Given that a larger number of subjects or iterations enhances an experiment’s ability to detect all of the relevant effects, which bolsters confidence in the result, outcomes of small studies tend to imply significant uncertainty – unless the intervention’s effects are potent. Enrichment allows researchers to perform smaller, more informative trials by helping them to design studies that will show a high “relative treatment difference” between the drug and whatever it is being compared to (often a placebo, but sometimes another treatment).
In the 1980’s, a biomarker contributed to the success of the small but seminal clinical trial of human growth hormone in children who were unable to produce it naturally. Some children lose the ability to make growth hormone due to injury or tumors; others lack normal growth-hormone activity from birth, owing to a genetic mutation; and others are missing the gene that codes for the hormone altogether.
Giving the latter group exogenous growth hormone is futile, because their immune systems react to the “foreign” protein by producing antibodies. Although the hormone may stimulate growth for a short period, the antibodies soon bind and neutralize it.
By limiting the study population to children in the other two groups, for whom exogenous growth hormone stimulates normal growth, researchers achieved a 100% relative treatment difference. In other words, every subject who received the active drug responded, and none of those who received the placebo did. Given this result, US regulators approved the treatment for marketing based on a trial of only 28 patients.
Clearly, genetic markers are useful in designing clinical trials. But are more subjective factors like race or ethnicity also relevant?
For the cardiac drug BiDil (a combination of the vasodilators hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate), the answer is yes. In 1996, inconclusive clinical trials led US regulators to reject the drug. But when more detailed analysis of the data revealed potentially elevated benefits for black patients, a new trial was performed on 1,050 self-identified “black” patients with severe heart failure for whom available treatments had proved ineffective.
The results – a 43% reduction in mortality and a 39% decrease in hospital visits among patients who received BiDil – were so striking that the study was concluded early. Although BiDil has not been a great commercial success since its approval in 2009, it remains on the market.
Some regard race-based medical treatment as necessary to reduce health disparities, while others view it as downright discriminatory. When BiDil was approved, Francis Collins, who was Director of the US National Human Genome Research Institute at the time, warned that “we should move without delay from blurry and potentially misleading surrogates for drug response, such as race, to the more specific causes.”
Of course, Collins was correct; race is a crude and incomplete mechanism for understanding genetic differences. But we must fight illness with the data we have, not the data we wish we had. Political and ethical sensitivities notwithstanding, drug testing, approval, and labeling must go wherever the evidence leads.
Read more at http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/the-value-of-race-in-clinical-trials-by-henry-i–miller#pRKKSm3b9Pex4UPD.99
The story below has a lot of meaning to me. I couldn’t believe it when I read the title, “Hapa changes name to Association of Multiracial People at Tufts to reflect new goals.” During the 1990s when the split happened with several organizations representing the multiracial population, the word “hapa” was one reason. “Hapa” literally means “half” in Native Hawaiian and the hapa leadership argued that they disagreed with the terminology of “multiracial.” They nixed “multiracial” in favor of “hapa” while I was busy trying to make them understand that multiracial is a much broader term, respectable, and people are already familiar with it.
They “won” and it was decided by everyone but Project RACE and one or two others that they didn’t need any word if hapas could not have their word. It was divisive and disastrous.
According to the article, the group at Tufts is trying to come across as a less exclusive club, open to all multiracial people. What a concept—exactly what Project RACE has been doing for 25 years. Congratulations to the Association of Multiracial People at Tufts (AMPT) for showing inclusive behavior and forward thinking leadership.
Hapa changes name to Association of Multiracial People at Tufts to reflect new goals
For the Association of Multiracial People at Tufts (AMPT), there is a lot in a name. AMPT, formerly known as Tufts Hapa, aims to create a community for students who identify as persons of mixed heritage. Though the name change may seem subtle to some, it now better reflects the target demographic of the group, according to Co-President Zoe Uvin.
According to Uvin, a senior, “hapa” means “half” in Native Hawaiian and is often used to refer to people who identify as a mix of two races. However, this choice of terminology made it seem like the club had a limited scope of interest.
“The term ‘Hapa’ has the connotation of being half-Asian, so I think the name change definitely reflected our priorities much more,” Uvin said. “We’re an association, not a political group or movement of any kind, and we wanted any person who is multiracial, or feels that their family or community makes their identity multiracial, to feel welcomed to join us.”
The name change has been favorably received, according to treasurer Rachel Steindler, a sophomore.
“We’re getting a lot of new faces … people are hearing about us, because we changed our name,” Steindler said. “So it’s kind of a publicity thing, but it’s very much about trying to advertise that we’re a multiracial community that isn’t specific to half-Asians. We were never meant to be exclusive; we always had this goal in mind, but it seemed like we were only attracting half-Asian people, so we really wanted to make it clear.”
According to Uvin, more new upperclassmen than freshmen showed up at their first potluck event, which Uvin attributes to the club’s wider and more approachable demographic scope.
“On top of getting great feedback from members, what made me feel great was seeing a Tufts Confession posting a link to the AMPT page saying, ‘Hey you might want to check this out,’” Uvin said. “I really think this is becoming a [club] where you can read the name and it makes much more sense who we are and what we’re about, so it’s much more approachable.”
The ultimate aim of AMPT, according to Uvin, is to participate in the campus culture of ethnic and cultural groups, clubs and societies, and to foster awareness of multiracial culture on campus.
“Our goal is to create a space for multiracial students and faculty,” Uvin said. “The founding members noticed how there were no cultural groups that catered just to the multiracial experience, and we wanted to create a space just for that.”
AMPT plans a variety of activities in order to create a welcome environment for multiracial students, including potlucks with informal discussions on multiraciality, academic lectures and joint events with mixed-race groups from other Boston schools. According to Uvin, these are all organized by the club’s executive board, which meets once a week to plan events for the semester.
“The potlucks are just to eat food and realize there are so many multiracials on campus of so many mixes, of so many backgrounds, but that we all have something in common, that our multiracial experience has changed the way we have gone through life and the way we’ve interacted at Tufts,” Uvin said. “We can connect over something other people might not understand.”
The group puts a particular emphasis on the potlucks, where students can discuss identity, talk about issues concerning multiraciality and share their stories, Uvin said.
“The discussions [at potlucks] made me think of multiracial [matters] that I never really thought of before, but [which] pertained to me,” sophomore Andrew Narahara said. “I’m half-Asian, half-white, but I’ve always considered myself Asian, and [the discussions] opened my eyes to the multiracial side of me.”
One distinctive feature of AMPT is its heterogeneous nature. Along with members of racial mixes, the group includes members who aren’t mixed themselves, and instead joined out of interest in their multiracial family or home situations.
“Personally, I’m not a multiracial person, but I come from a multiracial family, and I found a really great community in AMPT because I can identify with the experiences of multiracial people,” Steindler said. “I’m adopted [and Asian] and my mother is white, so when we talk about family dynamics, I can identify with [other members’] racial identity development in terms of having someone of a different race as a parent.”
In tandem with its new name, AMPT has set some new goals. According to Uvin, when the club was originally founded Joseph Wat (LA ’13) hosted potlucks at his house. Now the club hopes to host events on a consistent bi-monthly basis, instead of simply whenever possible.
AMPT has also been actively recruiting for its executive board to allow the group to continue after its founding members graduate. With a board already comprised of four sophomores, and with multiple freshmen interested in applying, the club hopes to continue spreading awareness about multiracial identity throughout the Tufts community, according to Uvin.
“Our recruiting method is so active because we really want [the executive board members] to feel personally invested in the club, so that when we leave they will still have a personal connection with the group,” she said.
Recruiting new members is also intended to support existing members of the multiracial community.
“We hope to offer something to them that makes their time at Tufts better or more manageable, and hopefully they will want to give that to the future generation and continue this tradition,” Uvin said.
A biologist, a chemist, and a statistician are out hunting. The biologist shoots at a deer and misses five feet to the left, the chemist takes a shot and misses five feet to the right, and the statistician yells, “We got ‘em!”
I spent the better part of last week watching to a webcast of The National Advisory Committee on Racial, Ethnic, and Other Populations (NAC). It reminded me of the little scenario above, because the results in no way added up to the goal or the end result. OK, I’m not sure they actually had a goal, but they should have. Instead they spent more time talking about what they wanted to do without actually doing anything.
I do know one thing for sure: the United States Census Bureau has proven that the multiracial community does not exist. We have no representation on the committee, but all of the other populations are represented very well. They even added some new communities, such as the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) group and people with a brand new acronym, MENA (Middle Eastern and North African).
I think I heard the term “multiracial” uttered twice. “Mixed” was said once or twice. Two days of approximately 50 people in one room talking about race and ethnicity and not stopping to wonder what our group could contribute, including what they call us?
The speakers all followed the same format; one person would tell everyone what they were going to tell them. Another person would then read to the group whatever was on a slide in their slide deck. Someone would let the room know when they were done saying what they had to say and then it was time for questions. They had devised some kind of scheme for where to place their name cards, but apparently that didn’t work so they had to change it. There was actually a discussion about which way the tables should be placed. The sound quality was terrible.
Everyone cared about their own special interest group, which bogged down each discussion. Well, that’s not exactly right. The person representing the LGBT group wanted more attention paid to counting homeless Americans, but no one responded to that suggestion. One person called herself a “race and gender scholar.” Believe me, the place was full of them and they spent most of the time telling each other what a great job they were doing and thanking the Census Bureau folks.
The star of the show was clearly Nicholas Jones, whose real title is “Chief, Racial Statistical Branch, Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau.” He makes the decisions about race. You’ll just have to trust me on this. He proudly proclaimed that he and his staff have met with the Arab, Asian, Latino, Afro-Latino, and Civil Rights groups in preparation for the 2020 Census. Can you think of a stakeholder group Jones did not meet with? Score yourself a point if you picked the multiracial group.
In thinking about this situation, I came to the conclusion that the government does not understand or believe that the multiracial population is a community. No, we’re not a community that usually agrees on all of the same basic principles, but we are a community nevertheless. The Census Bureau has taken the community out of the multiracial population and our community let it happen. As much as Project RACE has tried to stay on the radar, by monitoring the Federal Register daily, emailing our concerns to the various committees, nominating people to the NAC, and much more, we have missed the advisory committee boat. It’s just kind of floating out there wondering where it’s going.
There was a great deal of talk about “equity and balance” with all groups. Sorry, if it didn’t give me a warm fuzzy feeling, but we were not at the table to revel in it with the others. Yet, I did get a lot of information. I learned about the concerns of communities that were invited to the table. I also saw how full of themselves the government employees and academics really are. It was hardly wasted time. But as a United States citizen and taxpayer, I couldn’t help but wonder how much this ostentatious meeting of self-professed brilliant people who never did come to any good outcomes from this meeting cost.
Well into the final hours, everyone did agree that they all wanted to be on the Race and Ethnicity Working Group. Oh yeah, that’s where the action is. Who wants to deal with Administrative Records Modeling or figuring out how to optimize response to the Census, or designing the mailer when you can be discussing race and ethnicity? Then it happened. Someone realized that there is no longer a Race and Ethnicity Working Group! Its Chairperson had rotated off the Committee and no one really thought about extending this important group. That prompted a long discussion about whether they should even have such a group.
Ann Morning, an academic who has written a few things here and there about the multiracial population announced her feeling: it’s too much work. Yes, a working group is supposed to W-O-R-K. Does Ann Morning represent the multiracial community? No.
Someone did come up with the idea of a subcommittee (strike that, they can’t be called subcommittees) for the AIAN (American Indian Alaskan Native) category because they have some “name problems” much like the multiracial population. But then someone brought up the question of what should be done with “dissenters.” I swear. Someone else said they didn’t like the term “dissenters,” because it’s just too darn negative. Firing squad?
I honestly question the need for the whole lot of them. The real crux of the issues is what Nicholas Jones presented in a webinar four days before this meeting! Let’s face it, friends, Nicholas Jones has worked everything out to his satisfaction long before he even gets to these meetings. He’s not the kind of guy you would seek out to tell him he’s wrong.
I admit I did learn a lot from this meeting, mostly from the ideas of the participants from the other special interest stakeholder groups. Oh, and mark your calendars now—the next NAC meeting will be March 26 and 27, 2015. You won’t want to miss the show.
New forensic tool detects ethnicity and gender in single hair
A cutting-edge technique to identify human hair could one day be helping to catch criminals according to a new study from researchers in Canada.
The tool produces results faster than current DNA analysis techniques used in law enforcement, and in early tests showed a 100% success rate at identifying gender and ethnicity.
The new tool is the work of Diane Beauchemin, a professor in the department of chemistry at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, and MSc student Lily Huang. They describe their proof of concept study in the Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry.
Prof. Beauchemin says her first “foray into forensic chemistry was developing a method of identifying paint that could help solve hit and run cases.” Applying a similar approach to hair analysis was Ms. Huang’s idea, she adds, so they started working on it last year.
Blood samples recovered at a crime scene are often used to identify gender and ethnicity, but blood deteriorates quickly and is prone to contamination.
However, hair is very stable. The reason it is a promising avenue for forensics is because of the unique mix of elements it contains, which varies according to diet, ethnicity, gender the environment and working conditions. They get into the hair from sweat secretions.
The team found they could identify gender from the elements magnesium, sulfur, strontium and zinc. And to discriminate ethnicity they used lithium, molybdenum, sulfur, strontium, chromium, potassium, nickel, zinc and lead.
The process takes just 85 seconds to complete. First they grind up the hair sample, burn it (using a method called electrothermal vaporization), and then analyze the vapor it produces (using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry).
Current forensic methods used to analyze hair are time-consuming and use corrosive solvents and reagents, Prof. Beauchemin told Chemistry World.
Method is robust and can be used universally
Ms. Huang says the method is “very robust and can be used universally. One of our samples even included dyed hair and the test was 100% accurate. The test was able to distinguish East Asians, Caucasians and South Asians.”
Current forensic methods used to analyze hair are time-consuming and use corrosive solvents and reagents.
The team is already talking to law enforcement agencies about the next step in using the new method.
And the researchers are also planning to develop the method so it can pinpoint exactly where in the world a hair sample is from, as well as add more ethnicities and age to the repertoire.
To extend the repertoire of variables the method can identify means measuring more elements, but Prof. Beauchemin says this would not take more time, because their detection is simultaneous.
In 2010, Medical News Today learned how researchers are working on a method of forensic identification using hand bacteria. The method uses the fact that when we handle objects we leave behind bacterial communities that are uniquely identifiable.
Source: Medical News Today
Census Bureau and Raven-Symoné END RACISM!
Actress Raven-Symoné explained to Oprah Winfrey on Sunday, October 5, that she does not want to be labeled as African-American or anything else, including gay. The confession overtook Twitter as people of every “race” weighed in.
Raven-Symoné defended her stance, explaining that she doesn’t “know where my roots go to; I don’t know how far back they go. I don’t know what country in Africa I’m from. But I do know that my roots are in Louisiana. I’m an American, and that’s a colorless person, because we’re all people. I have lots of things running through my veins.”
The very next day the Census Bureau held a news conference and explained that they are planning to do away with race and ethnicity on the 2020 Census! They must watch Oprah. Oh wait, they are just going to change the words to something like “origin” or “ancestry.” They are even playing with the idea of asking, “Which categories describe you?” so they don’t even have to mention race or ethnicity. Fist bump.
Doing away with the R (race) word means not being able to classify anything as multiracial, biracial, or interracial. That works handily for the Census Bureau, which prefers to call multiracial people “combination people,” anyway.
They are also going to allow people to WRITE IN our own specific terminology! This is great news for everyone who ever wanted to fill in a census blank line with something like Alien or Texan. You can now fill in the blanks with pride and whatever you feel describes you best! This is a wonderful opportunity and we commend OUR Census Bureau for opening up the fill-in-the-blank response option! This is actually an idea perpetrated by a former Census Bureau Chief, who was apparently a little before his time, but aren’t we all? It will be similar to supplying information for websites like Ancestry.com, and who can say that’s not fun!
It’s not too early to think about what you are going to write in on your 2020 census form because the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) usually makes other government agencies follow suit, and then, geez, every form will ask you to write in your heritage. I’m thinking about putting down my ancestry as Russish and see what they do. Time to get creative, people!
Oh, and one more thing, they are going to add a category called MENA, which stands for Middle Eastern or North American. The government just loves to use acronyms.
We have many people to thank for finally doing away with race in the United States of America. First, John H. Thompson, Chief of the Whole Shebang. This is happening on his watch. Second, Nicholas Jones, who is in charge of making decisions on “race” for the Census Bureau. Wonder what he’s going to do now?
We really have to also thank Jeri Green the former Chief of the Office of External Engagement for the Census Bureau (whatever that is). And let’s not forget Eric Hameko, who was appointed to the National Advisory Committee to represent our multiracial community, but was totally ineffective, which is sort of a requirement for this committee. No one from the multiracial community was added this time around, but they did add Iranian Americans and a federal policy counsel for the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force.
So congratulations to Raven-Symoné and the Census Bureau for finally getting us away from that nasty “race” speak and into something much more sensible. We hope the next step will be when we all just refuse to fill in anything.
Bullying is a form of aggression used to gain power and targeting peers. When it’s based on ethnic differences it is another misuse of power. Biracial and multiracial youth are more likely to be bullied than youth who identify with a single race, according to the National Voices for Equality Education and Enlightenment. Twice as many ethnic minority youth in elementary school report being bullied because of their ethnicity.
There are three main types of bullying according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services:
1. Physical (e.g. hitting, kicking, tripping/pushing, spitting, taking/breaking belongings, making rude or mean hand gestures)
2. Verbal (e.g. name-calling, teasing, taunting, inappropriate sexual comments, threatening to cause harm)
3. Social/Relational (e.g. spreading rumors, embarrassing someone in public, purposeful exclusion, telling others not to be friends with someone)
So what can parents do?
It is important for parents to discuss the challenges that biracial and multiracial children may experience at school. Give them positive answers to the questions they may be asked; “What are you?” or “Why is your skin different from mine?”
Talk to the principals, teachers, and school counselors about ways to prevent and intervene with racially prejudiced bullying in classrooms by peers. Does your child’s school celebrate cultural diversity? Does the pre-school or kindergarten class have toys and books that represent all ethnic groups?
Research indicates that biracial and multiracial kids that are allowed to embrace and celebrate all aspects of their heritage instead of being forced to choose a single-race identity “have the best chance of success.” Talk to your children about successful Americans of mixed races: President Obama; actors like Halle Berry and Keanu Reeves; the athletes Tiger Woods and Derek Jeter; and news anchors Soledad O-Brien and Ann Curry. Read with them books like “Mixed Me: A Tale of a Girl who is both Black and White” by Tiffany Catledge, and “Big Hair, Don’t Care” by Crystal Swain-Bates.
The Cheerios commercial that featured a Caucasian mom, an African-American dad, and their biracial daughter generated strong racist reactions on YouTube last year (the comment section actually had to be closed). How do we teach adults to stop ethnic bullying and racial discrimination?
PBS’s cartoon “Sid the Science Kid” stars a bi-racial kid whose father seems to be Caucasian and his mother seems to be African-American. Talk to your kids about the positive message this show sends.
Some other helpful resources are: the article “When Kids Face Racism at School” in the national magazine Adoptive Families (www.adoptivefamilies.com/articles/2340/helping-adopted-child-racist-bullying-in-schools).
Stop Bullying Now! is a website is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Health Resources and Services Administration, and the Maternal and Child Health Bureau. Visit www.stopbullying.gov.
Listen to a 2012 episode of Mixed Race Radio with a discussion on biracial bullying and when children are bullied due to skin color, hair texture, eye color or “the accent heard when they speak.” Visit www.blogtalkradio.com/mixed-race-radio/2012/04/04/biracial-bullying.
“Is that Your Child?: Mothers Talk about Rearing Biracial Children” is a book by Marion Kilson, Ph.D. and Florence Ladd, Ph.D. who are also parents of biracial children.
Dr. Heather Harrison writes about her biracial son and how to handle reactions at www.themommypsychologist.com/2012/06/01/lets-talk-about-biracial-kids.
“Talking to Our Children about Racism & Diversity” is a booklet written to help parents and children talk together about diversity and racism. It includes examples of children’s questions and some suggestions for answering them. It is for parents whose children are between five and eight years old. Visit www.civilrights.org/publications/reports/talking_to_our_children.
If your child is experiencing symptoms of anxiety and depression along with self-rejection due to ethnic bullying, please contact a child therapist.
Melissa Martin, Ph.D., is a child therapist, consultant, and educator in Ohio.